Wireless Sensor Network Deployment for Monitoring Wildlife Passages

Wireless Sensor Network Deployment for Monitoring Wildlife Passages
Publishing date: 
August, 2010
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Dr Paweł Kułakowski obronił doktorat na AGH w roku 2007. Pracował na uczelniach zagranicznych: Technical University of Cartagena, University of Girona, University of Castilla-La Mancha, University of Seville i University of Lisbon. Uczestniczył w licznych projektach badawczych, m.in. był w komitecie wykonawczym projektów COST IC1004 (również jako szef grupy badawczej indoor) i IRACON, obecnie jest też kierownikiem ds. badań i rozwoju w projekcie NCBiR dot. miejskich sieci 5G i edytorem wykonawczym w czasopiśmie ETT (Wiley). Jest współautorem około 50 prac naukowych (w tym 3 nagrodzonych) i trzech książek, a także laureatem stypendium MNiSW dla młodych wybitnych naukowców. Jego obecne zainteresowania naukowe dotyczą planowania i rozwoju sieci 5/6G, AI w zastosowaniach medycznych i nano-komunikacji.

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Pawel Kulakowski (www.kt.agh.edu.pl/~brus) received Ph.D. in telecommunications from the AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland, in 2007. He was a visiting professor or he held a postdoctorial position at Technical University of Cartagena, University of Girona, University of Castilla-La Mancha, University of Seville and University of Lisbon. He co-authored about 50 scientific papers, in journals, conferences and as technical reports. He was in the management committee of european COST research projects: IC1004 and IRACON, he is also an R&D manager of a national project on 5G urban networks and an executive editor in the ETT journal. He was recognized with several scientific distinctions, including 3 awards for his conference papers and a governmental scholarship for young outstanding researchers. His research interests include 5/6G networks, AI for medical applications and nano-communications.

Antonio-Javier Garcia-Sanchez, Felipe Garcia-Sanchez, Fernando Losilla, Pawel Kulakowski, Joan Garcia-Haro, Alejandro Rodríguez, J.V. López-Bao, Francisco Palomares
Publication type: 
Sensors Journal
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are being deployed in very diverse application scenarios, including rural and forest environments. In these particular contexts, specimen protection and conservation is a challenge, especially in natural reserves, dangerous locations or hot spots of these reserves (i.e., roads, railways, and other civil infrastructures). This paper proposes and studies a WSN based system for generic target (animal) tracking in the surrounding area of wildlife passages built to establish safe ways for animals to cross transportation infrastructures. In addition, it allows target identification through the use of video sensors connected to strategically deployed nodes. This deployment is designed on the basis of the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, but it increases the lifetime of the nodes through an appropriate scheduling. The system has been evaluated for the particular scenario of wildlife monitoring in passages across roads. For this purpose, different schemes have been simulated in order to find the most appropriate network operational parameters. Moreover, a novel prototype, provided with motion detector sensors, has also been developed and its design feasibility demonstrated. Original software modules providing new functionalities have been implemented and included in this prototype. Finally, main performance evaluation results of the whole system are presented and discussed in depth.
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